Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Civil Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Today, pipe systems are the most common facilities to convey various fluids from one place to another. In such facilities faults like leaks lead to advert consequences such as economic losses and social health threats. The fact that early detection of leaks can play a prominent role in reducing the amount of these undesired impacts has absorbed noticeable attention from researchers to this field of study. This paper presents a literature review on major aspects of hydraulic transient-based leak detection in pipe systems over the past three decades. The value of the present study is that an extensive database of peer-reviewed publications is brought together under a meticulous survey. It describes the trends, status and pinpoints the areas with a need for further investigation in the future. Uniquely, it contains information for over 95 publications in a tabular form, presenting domain type, analysis approach, optimization technique, topographic complexity of the case study, leak unknowns and validation approach.