Estimation of Sediment Transport Rate of Karun River (Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student in Water Engineering, Lorestan University, KhoramAbad, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Water and Soil Engineering, University of Shahrood, Shahrood, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Lorestan University, KhoramAbad, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Lorestan University, KhoramAbad, Iran


Several types of sediment transport equations have been developed for estimation of the river sediment materials during the past decades. The estimated sediment from these equations is very different, especially when they applied for a specific river. Therefore, choice of an equation for estimation of the river sediment load is not an easy task. In this study 10 important sediment transport equations namely; Meyer-Peter and Muller (1948), Einstein (1950), Bagnold (1966), Engelund and Hansen (1972), Toffaleti (1969), Yang (1996), Van Rijn (2004), Wiuff (1985), Samaga et al. (1986) and Beg (1995) are used to estimate sediment load of the Karun  River in Iran.  The estimated sediment load compared with the measured field data by using statistical criteria such as root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE) and correlation coefficient (R2). Results showed that Engelund and Hansen formula can provide reliable estimates of sediment load of the Karun River which have high suspended sediment load concentration with RMSE of 3725 ton/day, MAE of 1058.82 ton/day and R2 of 0.41. Bagnold and Wiuff formulas estimated the total sediment load 280 % and 700% more than the measured values and the Van Rijn, Tofaleti and Bagnold formulas estimated the sediment load 99 %, 71% and 93 % lower than the measured values, respectively. The comparison indicated that Samaga, Einstein, Tofaleti and Yang equations with low accuracy are not suitable for estimation of sediment load of the Karun River. The main reason for this difference is related to fact that the Karun River carries fine sediment (wash load) which these equations not considered it.


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