Evaluation of Crisis Resolution Strategies for Groundwater Revival Plan Using Fuzzy Best - Worst Multi Criteria Decision Model

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.

2 Bargab Consulting Engineers Company, Gorgan, Iran.



The importance of the proper implementation of the Groundwater Revival Plan (GRP) as one of the key approvals of the Supreme Water Council has been doubled due to the escalation of the groundwater crisis in most of Iran's aquifers. Therefore, the implementation of GRP principles is the only way to overcome the crisis and the related challenges. In this study, the management crisis of Iran's groundwater resources is re-evaluated from the perspective of the administrative, social, and legal system with the GRP challenging approach. Then, the best -worst fuzzy multi - criteria decision model in Lingo9 software is developed by collecting the opinions of 23 GRP experts, based on three general criteria of change in administrative structure (C1), policy structure (C2) and modification of GRP legal structure (C3), which includes 18 sub-criteria. The results showed that timely and appropriate allocation of financial resources (S22), creating incentive packages for farmers to improve the cultivation pattern (S23) and creating serious efforts at all levels of management in the field of implementation, continuity, and removal of obstacles (S21) respectively with weights. 0.2247, 0.1098, and 0.0946 - with more than 40% of the total importance - occupy the first to third ranks.


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