Water Crisis in Iran and Its Security Consequences

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Meybod University, Meybod, Iran


Today, due to lack of water resources, particularly safe drinking water, countries are experiencing a turmoil resulting in the formation of many crises in them. Hence, Iran is one of the countries all over the world where the water crisis is more pronounced compared to other countries, leading to the formation of security consequences in various parts of the country. Thus, this crisis in the country must be especially taken into account so that an organized space can be witnessed. Accordingly, this study is aimed at investigating and analyzing the water crisis and its security consequences in Iran. Hence, the present study is conducted in a descriptive-analytical format and based on library data. The research results reveal that over the recent decades, the situation of Iranian water resources has reached an alert status, so that it is considered on the verge of entering a water crisis by many experts and some others consider it as a country with a severe water crisis. Accordingly, it is forecasted that with the current situation in Iran, this country will be propelled to a supercritical situation and the conflict will increase over water resources in Iran, in such a way that its consequences will threaten the security of cities and settlements and on the other hand, lead to environmental degradation. On this basis, considering water crisis and resolving it as a major process necessitates the use of elites and presentation of their constructive suggestions to organize the situation of water resources in the country.


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