An Overview of Fabrication Methods and Applications of Carbon Nanotube Membrane in Environmental Engineering as Hydraulic Microstructures

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Tehran, Iran


The main purpose of this article is to study fabrication methods and applications of aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes as a hydraulic microstructure in treatment processes. This paper emphasizes the use of CNTs as membrane in separation processes like water and wastewater treatment because of their exclusive advantages. Their most important characteristics are high mechanical strength against pressure, thermal stability and fast fluid transport with a very low pressure gradient inside CNTs. It is predictable to expand using CNT membranes in separation processes and environmental engineering because of their suitable mechanical properties.


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